B-1 Business Visitor are issued to individuals traveling to the United States
to engage in certain types of business activities. Acceptable activities to be
conducted under a B-1 visa include:
Engaging in commercial transactions which do not result in gainful employment
in the United States;
Consulting with Business Associates;
Participating in scientific, educational, professional or business conventions,
conferences, or seminars; or
Undertaking independent research.
Training purposes in certain circumstances.
The B-1 visa excludes those people coming to study, work or represent the
foreign press or information media.
A B-1 classification also includes the following under certain circumstances:
Religious ministers and missionaries;
Board members of U.S. corporations;
Servants of non-immigrants or certain U.S. citizens here temporarily;
Musicians recording for sale outside the U.S.;
Employees of foreign airlines; and
Persons who would ordinarily qualify for H-1 or H-3 qualifications.
A dependent (spouse or child) of a B-1 visa holder is considered a B-2
non-immigrant when accompanying a person on a B-1 visa.
A visa granted for companies or individuals who are carrying on, or want to
develop, substantial trade between the United States and a country with which
the U.S. maintains an appropriate treaty, and members of their immediate
To be entitled to an E-1 classification, the applicant must be a national of
the treaty country. There is no nationality requirement for the spouse or child
accompanying or following the applicant and taking the same E-1 classification.
Granted for applicants who want to enter the United States solely to develop
and direct the operation of an enterprise in which they have invested a
substantial amount of capital. An E-2 is also valid for their employees and
members of their immediate family. This visa is granted to the spouse and minor
children of the applicant regardless of nationality.
Granted to individuals who have a bachelors degree in a specific field of
study or equivalent in work experience and have a job offer in a position,
which can be classified as a specialty occupation
TEMPORARY AGRICULTURAL WORKERS
An H-2A visa is issued to temporary or seasonal agricultural workers where U.S.
agricultural workers are unavailable.
TEMPORARY NON-AGRICULTURAL WORKERS
An H-2B visa is issued to persons coming to the U.S. to engage in
non-agricultural employment which is seasonal, intermittent, to meet a peek
load need, or for a one-time occurrence where U.S. workers are unavailable.
This visa is for workers coming temporarily to the U.S. to receive training
which is not available in the applicants country, will not involve productive
employment unless it is incidental and necessary training and will benefit the
applicant in pursuing a career outside the U.S.
VISA FOR FOREIGN PRESS, FILM, TV OR MEDIA
The I visa is issued to any representative of the foreign press, film,
television, or other media. I visas are also issued to the spouses and
unmarried children under 21 of the I visa applicant. I Visa holders cannot
change from one employer to another, or from one information medium to another
without permission from the INS.
FOREIGN COMPANY EXCUTIVE
The L-1A visa is for persons employed at a managerial or executive level for at
least one of the previous three years at a non-U.S. firm, corporation, or other
legal entity, who will come to the U.S. to work, in a managerial or executive
position, at its related entity in the United States, or will oversee the
opening of a new entity in the United States which is affiliated with the
FOREIGN COMPANY EMPLOYEE
The L-1B visa is for persons employed for at least one year (6 months if
petition is based on an L blanket) of the previous three years at a non-U.S.
firm, corporation, or other legal entity, who will come to the U.S. to work at
its related entity in the United States as an employee who has specialized
ALIEN OF EXTRAORDINARY ABILITY
The O-1 visa is for people with extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts,
education, business, or athletics, or with a record of extraordinary
achievement in television or motion pictures.
There are three categories within the O-1 visa designation:
Applicants with Extraordinary Ability in the Arts;
Applicants of extraordinary achievement in the motion picture or television
Applicants of extraordinary ability in the sciences, education, business or
Visa Term: An O-1 visa holder is admitted to the United States for the duration
of the event, production or activity. This may include an entire season of
performances, or a group of related activities. This may include short
vacations and stopovers and could comprise an academic year or business or
ACCOMPANY AND ASSIT ALIENS OF EXTRAORDINARY ABILITY
The O-2 visa is for people that accompany and assist an O-1 visa holder in a
specific athletic or artistic event. The O-2 visa is also for people that
accompany or assist an O-1 visa holder in the motion picture or television
industry. O-2 visas are not available for people to accompany or assist O-1
visa holders in education, science, or business.
O-2 visa holders that accompany O-1 visa holders in a specific athletic or
artistic event must be an integral part of the performance and must have
critical skills and experience which cannot be performed by other individuals.
O-2 visa holders that accompany O-1 visa holders in the motion picture and
television industry must have skills or experience that are critical for the
O-1 visa holder because of either of the following:
A previous, longstanding working relationship; or,
With respect to the specific production, much of the production work will be
done both inside and outside of the United States and the continuing
participation of the applicant is essential to the completion of the
PERFORMANCE AS MEMBER OF GROUP
The P-1 visa is for members of entertainment groups, individual athletes, and
members of athletic teams.
PERFORMANCE AS PART OF A RECIPROCAL EXCHANGE PROGRAM
The P-2 visa is for entertainers that are a part of reciprocal international
The P-2 visa applicant must be either an artist or entertainer with skills
comparable to those of the U.S. entertainer participating in the exchange. No
fixed level of expertise is required. A P-2 visa applicant does not need to
show that he/she is in a lead or starring role, has achieved international
recognition, or involved in a program that has a distinguished reputation.
CULTURALLY UNIQUE PERFORMANCE
This visa is issued to performers in culturally unique programs. The P-3 visa
applicant must be coming to the United States primarily for cultural events to
further the understanding or development of that art form. In order to be
culturally unique is a style of artistic expression, methodology, or medium
which is unique to a particular country, nation, society, class, ethnicity,
religion, tribe, or medium, which is unique to a particular country, nation,
society, class, ethnicity, religion, tribe, or other group of persons, must be
present. Teachers, coaches, and performers, are eligible for P-3 visas.
Applicants may be admitted for commercial or non-commercial performances.
P-3 Term: A P-3 visa holder is admitted for the duration of the culturally
unique event or program.
PARTICIPANTS IN INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS
The Q-1 visa is for participants in an international cultural exchange program
in the U.S. The cultural exchange program can provide practical training,
employment, and the sharing of the culture of the Q-1 visa applicants country
RELIGIOUS WORKER VISA
The R-1 visa is for religious workers coming to the United States temporarily.
The R-1 visa applicant must be a member of a religious denomination that has a
bona fide nonprofit, religious organization in the United States.
VISA FOR CANADIANS & MEXICAN CITIZENS
The TN visa is for Canadian and Mexican business visitors, treaty traders and
investors, intra-company transferees, and professionals to work in the United
States. The TN visa is available for Canadian and Mexican citizens. The
applicant must be coming to work in the United States as one of the following
and possess the required education and/or experience:
Accountant (baccalaureate, CPA, CA, CGA, or CMA)
Architect (baccalaureate or state/provincial license)
Computer systems analyst (baccalaureate degree, or post-secondary diploma and 3
Dentist (DDS, DMD, or state/provincial license)
Disaster Relief Insurance Claims Adjuster (baccalaureate degree or 3 years
experience/training in disaster relief claims)
Engineer (baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license)
Forester (baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license)
Graphic Designer (baccalaureate degree, or post-secondary diploma and 3 years
Hotel Manager (baccalaureate degree in hotel/restaurant management, or
post-secondary diploma in hotel/restaurant management and 3 years experience)
Industrial Designer (baccalaureate degree, or post-secondary diploma and 3
Interior Designer (baccalaureate degree, or post-secondary diploma 3 years
Land Surveyor (baccalaureate degree or state/provincial/federal license)
Lawyer (member of state/provincial bar, or LLB, JD, LLL, or BCL)
Librarian (MLS, BLS. BLS must be one for which another baccalaureate degree was
Management Consultant (baccalaureate degree or 5 years experience in consulting
or related field)
Medical Technologist/Medical Lab Tech. (baccalaureate degree or post-secondary
diploma, and 3 years experience); note: U.S. job must be in a lab to perform
chemical, biological, hematological, immunological, microscopic, or bacterial
tests, and analyses for diagnosis, treatment or prevention of disease
Nurse, Registered (must have state/provincial license)
Occupational Therapist (baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license)
Pharmacist (baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license)
Physician (teaching and/or research only, MD or state/provincial)
Physio/Physical Therapist (baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license)
Psychologist (must have state/provincial license. Cannot qualify with just
Range Manager/Range Conservationist
Research Assistant (baccalaureate degree; work in U.S. must be at a
post-secondary educational institute)
Teacher (baccalaureate degree) must be coming to work for a college, seminary,
or university only; no secondary or elementary school teaching.
Technician or Technologist, Scientific (Electronic engineering technician);
must work in direct support of professionals in one of these disciplines:
biology, chemistry, engineering, forestry, geology, geophysics, meteorology,
physics; must possess theoretical knowledge of discipline, and solve practical
problems in discipline, or apply principles of the discipline to basic or
Veterinarian (DVM, DMV, or state/provincial license)
Writer, Technical Publications (baccalaureate degree or post-secondary diploma
and 3 years experience)